- What Sin Is
- Sin Is against God
- Sin Is Universal
- Sin Has Intrinsic Ill Effects
- Sin Brings God’s Anger and Death
Knowing what sin is and what its consequences are is vital to understanding God’s relationship with humankind and to appreciating the need for Jesus Christ’s mission. It also helps us not to sin by: clarifying what sin is (which this chapter does in general terms); and providing great motivation to avoid sin.
Whoever sins is guilty of breaking God’s law, because sin is a breaking of the law. 1 John 3:4 GNT
Doing wrong is always sin … 1 John 5:17a NCV™
So whoever knows what is good to do and does not do it is guilty of sin. James 4:17 NET
[Moses, to the Israelites:] If anyone sins unintentionally by breaking any of the Lord’s commands, he is guilty and must pay the penalty. … 19It is a repayment offering for the sin he committed against the Lord. Leviticus 5:17, 19 GNT
[David, to God:] Drive them out of your presence because of their many sins and their rebellion against you. Psalms 5:10b GNT
For I, the Lord, love justice and hate robbery and sin. Isaiah 61:8a NET
All of us have sinned and fallen short of God’s glory. Romans 3:23 CEV
All fail to measure up to a standard compatible with God’s glory.
[David, to God:] Do not enter into judgment with your servant, for no living person is righteous in your sight. Psalms 143:2 ISV
And those who belong to Christ Jesus have put to death their human nature with all its passions and desires. Galatians 5:24 GNT
They became filthy because of what they did. Psalms 106:39 GW
[Isaiah, to the people of Judah:] But your sinful acts have alienated you from your God; your sins have caused him to reject you and not listen to your prayers. Isaiah 59:2 NET
[Paul, to believers:] When you were spiritually dead because of your sins and because you were not free from the power of your sinful self, God made you alive with Christ, and he forgave all our sins. Colossians 2:13 NCV™
Spiritual death involves being cut off from God – “dead to God” – without his Holy Spirit, who brings spiritual life.
Jesus answered them, “I tell you the solemn truth, everyone who practices sin is a slave of sin. John 8:34 NET
Actually all of us were like them and lived according to our natural desires, doing whatever suited the wishes of our own bodies and minds. In our natural condition we, like everyone else, were destined to suffer God’s anger. Ephesians 2:3 GNT
Here Paul refers to how all people have lived sinful lives, making them subject to God’s anger.
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man [Adam], and death through sin, so death spread to everyone, because all have sinned. Romans 5:12 ISV
People may experience God’s wrath and judgment for sin in various forms during their lifetime, but common to all is the judgment of physical death. Note that the verse makes reference to death initially coming as a consequence of Adam’s original sin.
[Paul, to believers:] So what benefit did you then reap from those things that you are now ashamed of? For the end of those things is death. … 23For the payoff of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 6:21, 23 NET
Particularly in view of the contrast with “eternal life” (v. 23), “death” (vv. 21, 23) appears to primarily refer to or at least encompass what is sometimes referred to as eternal “death”. Because of his justice God demands that unforgiven sin be punished with eternal “death” or destruction, involving eternal separation from God in hell. A complementary reason for this “death” is that sin makes separation from God necessary, because of his holiness.